Bilingual site shared with Nancy Snipper, acclaimed author and cultural affairs journalist. July 2016 ushers in her new site: SN Travel and Arts without Borders. Check it out!
Site bilingue partagé avec Nancy Snipper, auteur acclameé et journaliste des affaires culturelles. Juillet 2016 inaugure sa nouvelle site: SN Travel and Arts without Borders. Vérifiez-le!
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Friday, 3 May 2013
Peruvian Exhibition… a Golden History!
Museum of Fine Arts
by Nancy Snipper
Titled Peru: Kingdoms of the Sun and Moon, this
inspiring exhibition comprises 370 works of art: gold and silver ornaments, sculptures,
textiles, pottery, paintings, litho and photos and more.The astonishing collection of pre-Columbian
treasures and masterpieces from the colonial era to Indigenism includes 100
pieces that have never traveled beyond Peru, and so it is highly important
that we all get to view the stunning array of culture embodied in bold and exquisitely
delicate works of intricate art. Rituals and non-secular objects come to life
in12 different galleries. Amazing works from the Sipán culture in Mochica
(100-800 AD), the Sicán in Lambayeque (750-1375) and the Chan Chan from Chimu (900-1476) prove to be
stand-outs. The Spaniards led by Pissarro in 1545 brought Peru’s indigenous religion to its
knees, and replaced it with a Catholic culture and the art that represents it
is grandiose and on display as well.
A wonderful projection
of Machu Picchu
introduces us to a country which has reclaimed it golden periods of a highly
organized culture that embraces a spiritual identity based on dualism and the
Machu Picchu was
discovered in 1911 and more is said about its findings in the first section of
the exhibition. The second focuses on the myths and ritual in the pre-Columbian
era. Many objects in the galleries devoted to this topic revolve around human
sacrifice. The knives used to sever the head are like double axes and big.
Evidently, a severed head meant the returns of ancestors and the strengthening
of the community which also had its own cult. It reached its apex with the
Chimu culture of 900-176. The provenance of many of the artefacts in the entire exhibit is the northern coast of Peru, with the Vice-Royal settlement happening more inland.
The Inca culture which
started in the mid-13th century and expanded it empire well into the
16th century created refined works of highly intricate art. Silver seemed to be
used for feminine objects as this metal represented the moon goddess and her
tears. Gold was used for masculine anecdotal art, and indeed the religious
elite certainly reigned in Peru as did the appointed from royal blood line, The
litter in the display is a staggering example of fine detailed work that marks
Peru’s art from the beginnings to its modern day life.
They say seeing is
believing, and so below you will see photos from the exhibition whose crowning
jewel isthe Mochica from La Mina. Measuring
28.5 x 4.5 cm, it was discovered during an illegal excavation of a tomb at La
Mina in the Jequetepeque Valley which has been pillaged for one year starting
in 1988. Called the Peruvian Mona Lisa,
it is a terrifying sea god. Intercepted in a London
Gallery by Scotland Yard in 2004, this mesmerizing masterpiece was sent back to
Peru in 2006. It is now on display in Lima, but you can see it in this exhibition in Montreal.
Luis Alberto Peirano Falconi, Peruvian Minister of Culture, said “This ornament which has been
removed from this place of permanent display in Lima for this exhibition represents at once a
new appreciation of the country’s past, the fight against the illegal
trafficking of cultural property and our Peruvian identity.”
With its millennia-old
is now recognized as one of the six cradles of civilisation. This exhibition
transports you to this rich land of mystery, magnificence and magic.
Kingdoms of the Sun and Moon
runs until June 16th, 2013 at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. The
website is http://www.mbam.qc.ca/peru/
Major works in the exhibition
Peru: Kingdoms of the Sun and the Moon
and conquest in the ancient, colonial and modern eras
Mochica, north coast, possibly La Mina
Forehead Ornament with Feline Head and Octopus Tentacles Ending in Catfish Heads
100-800 A.D. Gold, chrysocolla, shells,
28.5 x 41.4 x 4.5 cm
Lima, Museo de la Nacion.
Photo Daniel Giannoni
North Coast, Earspool depicting a warrior (100- 800 A.D.)
turquoise, wood, 9.2 x 9.2 cm Museo Tum bas Reales de Sipan, Lambayeque
Joaqu fn Rubio
north coast, Pur Pur
depicting a human figure below a bicephalous snake 100-800 A.D
Painted ceramic 38 x 30.7 x 12 cm Museo
Intermediate Period (1000-1476 A.D.) Gold, silver and copper alloy,
46.6 x 21.9
cm Museo Larco, Lima
Lambayeque, North Coast Funerary mask
silver, amber, emerald 7 x 31 x S9 cm
Museos "Oro del Peru" - "Armas del Mundo," Fundaci6n
Miguel Mujica Gallo, Lima
Coast, Back of Litter
(750 - 1375 A.D.)
Wood, silver, cinnabar, sulphurous copper and ammonia, shells, turquoise,
feathers, 58 x 114 x 5 cm
Museo Oro del Peru, Lima
Photo: Joaquin Rubio
cup with rattle base and circular incrustations 750-1375 A.D.
Gold, turquoise 13x10 cm
Museos "Oro del Peru" - "Armas del
Mundo", Fundaci6n Miguel Mujica Gallo, Lima M-00098